What’s to Know About Colorectal Surgery?

What is colorectal surgery?

Colorectal surgery refers to a surgery that aims to repair the damage to anus, colon and rectum. The surgery may be used in treating following conditions:

  • Colorectal cancer.
  • Colorectal polyps.
  • Diverticulitis.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Bowel incontinence.
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • Anal abscess, anal fistula, and anal fissure.
  • Rectal prolapse, include rectocele, proctocele.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

What are the types of colorectal surgery?

According to different diseases and parts where the surgery is performed, colorectal surgery can be classified into different types. The common types include:

  • Ostomy
    Ostomy means to create an opening to remove the wastes from your body. It can be further divided into colostomy and ileostomy.
  • Ileoanal anastomosis
    Ileoanal anastomosis means to create an internal reservoir that is sewn to the anus. And the reservoir will act as an artificial rectum.
  • Laparoscopic surgery
    Laparoscopic surgery means to insert a laparoscope and other surgical tools through small cuts in the abdomen.

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