Tic douloureux is also called trigeminal neuralgia, it is a severe, stabbing pain to one side or both sides of the face. And it is considered as one of the most painful conditions to affect people.
The pain of tic douloureux can last from several seconds to minutes. For some chronic situations, the pain may last for several days, weeks and months. Besides, the tic douloureux is most common among people of middle age or later life. And it is more common in women.
What are the symptoms of tic douloureux?
The main symptoms of tic douloureux is the sudden, severe, stabbing, sharp, shooting, electric-shock-like pain on one side of the face. The pain comes in intermittent episodes which may last from a few seconds to a few minutes. And usually there is no pain between episodes.
Besides, contacting with the face such as talking, eating, and brushing teeth may trigger pain.
What are the effective treatments for tic douloureux?
Carbamazepine (Tegretol), Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) and lamotrigine (Lamictal) are most often prescribed by doctors. But these medications have some side effects such as double vision, nausea, drowsiness, and dizziness.
Besides, Baclofen (Lioresal) and pimozide (Orap) are helpful in some cases.
Surgery is used in severe situations in which medications cannot help to control the pain. Common surgeries include glycerol injection, microvascular decompression surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, balloon compression and peripheral radiofrequency thermocoagulation.
Diet and life style changes can help people with tic douloureux to relieve symptoms. People with tic douloureux should avoid greasy or spicy foods, limit alcohol drinking and smoking.
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