What Is the Relation Between Arteriosclerotic Hypertension and Heart Disease?

Q:
My father was diagnosed with arteriosclerotic hypertensive heart disease. I wonder what the relation between hypertension and heart disease? Can hypertension definitely cause heart disease?
A:
Actually, it’s a complex question. Coronary atherosclerosis results under various conditions. Hypertension is one of the most important factors. Studies have shown that 10mmHg increase of systolic blood pressure could bring a 31% increase of the risk of myocardial infarction.

Besides, 60% to 70% of the patients with coronary atherosclerosis also suffer from the hypertension. Also, if you have the hypertension, you are more likely to get the coronary atherosclerosis with a 3 to 4 times higher than normal ones.

Hypertension may accelerate and worsen coronary atherosclerotic lesions, resulting in angina, severe acute myocardial infarction and even sudden cardiac death.

Keywords:  arteriosclerotic hypertensive heart disease; hypertensive arteriosclerotic heart disease.
 

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