Episodic ataxia (EA) is a kind of ataxia. It describes a kind of autosomal dominant disorder which is characterized by sporadic bouts of ataxia (severe discoordination) with or without myokymia (continuous muscle movement).
There are seven recognized types of episodic ataxia: EA1 through EA7. EA1 and EA2 are the most common types. EA1 involves short ataxic episodes which may last just seconds or minutes while EA2 involves longer episodes which may last 30 minutes to six hours.
What are the symptoms of episodic ataxia?
The possible symptoms of episodic ataxia include:
- Ataxia because of startle, stress, or exertion.
- Continuous tremors of various motor groups.
How to treat episodic ataxia?
According to the study, acetazolamide therapy is the most useful treatment to reduce episodic ataxia attacks.
Some patients may have severe episodic ataxia, and they may experience persistent attacks result in tendon shortening. Surgery is needed for such situations.
Keywords: episodic ataxia; episodic ataxia definition; episodic ataxia symptoms; episodic ataxia syndrome; episodic ataxia treatment