What Is the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vascular Dementia?

Q:
What is the diagnosis and treatment of vascular dementia?

A:
Your doctor will make a judgment about whether vascular dementia is the most likely cause of your symptoms based on the information you provide, your medical history for stroke or disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and results of tests that may help clarify your diagnosis. Tests may include:

  • Brain imaging
  • Carotid ultrasound
  • Lab tests
  • Neurological exam
  • Neuropsychological tests

Treatment often focuses on managing the health conditions and risk factors that contribute to vascular dementia.

Depending on your individual situation, your doctor may prescribe medications to:

  • Help control your blood sugar if you have diabetes
  • Lower your blood pressure
  • Prevent your blood from clotting and keep your arteries clear
  • Reduce your cholesterol level

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