What Is Parathyroid Adenoma?

Q:

What is parathyroid adenoma?

A:

There are four tiny glands located near or at the back of your thyroid gland. They are called parathyroid glands. These glands produce parathyroid hormone to control the amount of calcium and phosphorus in your blood and bones. If one of these glands develops a tumor, you have parathyroid adenoma.

In parathyroid adenoma, the affected gland secretes more parathyroid hormone than it used to. Consequently, the excessive hormone disrupts the calcium and phosphorus balance in your body. This condition is known as hyperparathyroidism.

Sometimes doctors can’t find out what causes a tumor to grow on one of the parathyroid glands. It can be due to a genetic problem, because of radiation to the neck or head, or caused by taking certain drugs, like lithium. Women over age 60 are the group of people who are at the highest risk of the parathyroid adenoma.

 

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