What is mito disease?

Q:
What is mito disease?

A:
Mitochondrial disease is an inherited chronic illness. The mitochondria’s main function is to produce energy. More mitochondria are needed to make more energy, particularly in high-energy demand organs such as the heart, muscles, and brain. Mitochondrial disease can cause a vast array of health concerns, cognitive disabilities, or kidney function, and more. These symptoms can present at any age from infancy up until late adulthood.

Causes

Mitochondria have their own DNA called mtDNA. Mutations in this mtDNA can cause mitochondrial disorder. Environmental toxins can also trigger mitochondrial disease.

Symptoms

Mitochondrial disorder symptoms include:

  • Poor growth
  • Loss of muscle coordination, muscle weakness
  • Neurological problems, including seizures
  • Autism spectrum disorder, represented by a variety of ASD characteristics
  • Visual and/or hearing problems
  • Developmental delays, learning disabilities
  • Heart, liver or kidney disease
  • Gastrointestinal disorders, such as severe constipation
  • Diabetes
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system

Treatment

Currently there is no highly effective treatment or cure for mitochondrial disorder. The management of mitochondrial disease is supportive therapy, which may include

  • nutritional management
  • exercise
  • vitamin or amino acid supplements

Keywords: mito disease;mitochondrial;disorder

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