What is Chronic Kidney Failure?

What is chronic kidney failure?


Chronic kidney disease is a slow and gradual loss of kidney function over several years. Finally, the patient has permanent kidney failure.


Common symptoms include blood in urine, high blood pressure, and fatigue. The most common signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease include:

  • anemia
  • blood in urine
  • dark urine
  • decreased mental alertness
  • decreased urine output
  • edema – swollen feet, hands, and ankles (face if edema is severe)
  • fatigue (tiredness)
  • hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • insomnia
  • itchy skin, can become persistent
  • loss of appetite
  • male inability to get or maintain an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • more frequent urination, especially at night
  • muscle cramps
  • muscle twitches
  • nausea
  • pain on the side or mid to lower back
  • panting (shortness of breath)
  • protein in urine
  • sudden change in bodyweight
  • unexplained headaches


There is no current cure for chronic kidney disease. However, some therapies can help control the signs and symptoms, reduce the risk of complications, and slow the progression of the disease.

Patients with chronic kidney disease typically need to take a large number of medications. Treatments include:

  • Anemia treatment
  • Phosphate balance
  • bring the blood pressure down
  • Anti-sickness medications

Keywords: chronic kidney failure, chronic renal failure, chronic renal failure

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