What is the medical meaning of CHD?
CHD is the abbreviation of congenital heart defects, also known as congenital heart disease. To define it, congenital heart defect is another way of saying that you had a problem on your heart structure. By definition, you may have a small hole in the heart or something more severe. Although these can be very serious conditions, many can be treated with surgery. However, the disease may arise again in adolescence.
In some cases, you might not get certain symptoms until adulthood, or you may not get any at all.
What are the common types of CHD?
Congenital heart defects are structural problems arising from abnormal formation of the heart or major blood vessels. At least 18 distinct types of congenital heart defects are recognized, with many additional anatomic variations. The list of congenital heart defects is as follow:
- Aortic valve stenosis (AVS)
- Atrial septal defect
- Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA)
- Complete Atrioventricular Canal Defect (CAVC)
- d-Transposition of the great arteries
- Ebstein’s Anomaly
- Single ventricle stenosis
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Pulmonary Valve Stenosis
- Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC)
- Truncus Arteriosus
- Ventricular Septal Defect
What’s the most common congenital heart disease?
Ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defects, and tetralogy of Fallot are the most common congenital heart defects.
What is coronary heart disease? Is tit the same as congenital heart disease?
No, they are different. coronary heart disease is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis. The buildup of plaque occurs over many years.
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