What Is Carotid Artery Stenosis?

Q:
What is carotid artery stenosis?

A:
Carotid artery stenosis refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries. This narrowing is usually caused by the buildup of fatty substances and cholesterol deposits, called plaque. Carotid artery occlusion refers to complete blockage of the artery. When the carotid arteries are obstructed, you are at an increased risk for a stroke, the 5th leading cause of death in the U.S.

To keep carotid artery disease from progressing, the following lifestyle changes are recommended:

  • Quit smoking.
  • Control high blood pressure.
  • Control diabetes.
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet.
  • Exercise at least 30 minutes most days of the week.
  • Have regular checkups with your doctor.
  • Have your doctor check your cholesterol and get treatment, if necessary.
  • Limit alcohol to 1 drink per day for women, 2 for men.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.

Keyword: carotid artery stenosis

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