What is bacterial endocarditis?
Bacterial endocarditis, more generally called infective endocarditis, refers to an infection of the heart valves or lining of the heart chambers that is called the endocardium.
It occurs when bacteria from the mouth, skin, upper respiratory system, intestinal tract or urinary tract travel to the heart via bloodstream, which can also lead to growths or holes in the valves or tissue, seriously damaging the heart.
Bacterial endocarditis can be life threating in patients with heart disease or valve conditions. And people tending to be at risk for developing the infection are those with the following conditions:
- Aortic valve lesions
- Aortic coarctation
- Mitral valve prolapse
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Transposition of the great arteries
- Ventricular septal defect
Please consult your doctor if necessary.
Keywords: bacterial endocarditis; endocarditis bacterial.