What is aqueous misdirection syndrome?
Aqueous misdirection syndrome (AMS) is characterized by high intraocular pressure and a shallow anterior chamber because of the following factors:
- anterior rotation of the ciliary processes;
- accumulation of aqueous within the anterior vitreous;
- forward displacement of the iris-lens diaphragm (ILD).
It mainly occurs in eyes with narrow iridocorneal angles after procedures including:
- intraocular surgery;
- laser procedures;
- administration of topical miotics.
The most effective treatment for aqueous misdirection syndrome is zonulectomy-hyaloidectomy-anterior vitrectomy.
A more conservative approach is a neodymium: YAG laser capsulotomy-hyaloidotomy, which can achieve the following effects:
- decompressing the anterior virreous;
- releasing the aqueous;
- promoting backward displacement of the ILD.
Please consult your doctor for a suitable therapy based on your condition.
Keyword: aqueous misdirection syndrome.