What Is Aplastic Anaemia ?

Aplastic anaemia is a blood disorder in which the body’s bone marrow doesn’t make enough new blood cells. This may result in a number of health problems including arrhythmias, an enlarged heart, heart failure, infections and bleeding.

Aplastic anaemia is a rare but serious condition. It can develop suddenly or slowly and tends to worsen with time, unless the cause is found and treated.

A number of acquired diseases, conditions, and factors can cause aplastic anaemia including:
Toxins, such as pesticides, arsenic, and benzene;
Radiation and chemotherapy
Medicines such as chloramphenicol;
Infectious diseases such as hepatitis, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19, and HIV;
Autoimmune disorders such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis;
Inherited conditions, such as Fanconi anaemia, Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, dyskeratosis congenital and Diamond-Blackfan anaemia may also cause aplastic anaemia.

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