What Is an Esophageal Diverticulum?

Q:
What Is an Esophageal Diverticulum´╝č

A:
An esophageal diverticulum is a pouch of stretched tissue. It can develops anywhere along the esophagus. There are three types of esophageal diverticula according to their location within the esophagus (see picture below):

  • Zenker’s diverticula, the most common type of esophageal diverticula. It is usually near the top of the esophagus.
  • Midthoracic diverticula, in the mid-chest
  • Epiphrenic diverticula, above the diaphragm

See the source image

The symptoms of esophageal diverticula include:
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
  • Pulmonary aspiration (the entry of secretions or foreign material into the trachea and lungs)
  • Aspiration pneumonia (a lung infection caused by pulmonary aspiration)
  • Regurgitation of swallowed food and saliva
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Cough
  • Neck pain
  • Weight loss
  • Bad breath

 

Keywords: esophageal diverticulum

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