What is adult CHD? Is it a chronic heart disease?
Congenital heart disease is one or more abnormalities in your heart’s structure that you’re born with. This most common of birth defects can alter the way blood flows through your heart. Heart defects range from simple to complex, which can cause life-threatening complications. Adults with congenital heart disease require special care because the symptoms may degenerate over time.
Many congenital heart defects are diagnoses before birth, soon after birth or during early childhood. Other congenital heart defects may not be diagnosed until childhood. Some congenital heart defects are repaired by surgery during childhood, but they require advanced surgery during adolescence or adulthood. The common symptoms of a congenital heart disorder are shortness of breath, dizziness, or fainting. It may also include inability of tolerate exercise. Severe symptoms may even include purple skin color during exercise.
Why congenital heart disease resurfaces in adulthood?
For some adults, congenital heart disease was diagnosed in their childhoods. Problems with heart defects may arise later in life, even if it had been treated before. Repairing defects improves heart function but might not make the heart completely normal.
Maybe your congenital heart disease was treated in your childhood, the problem will occur or worsen again as you age. It’s also possible that problems in your heart, which weren’t serious enough to repair in your childhood, have worsen and now need treatment. However, the treatment may lead to complications. For example, surgery may leave scar on your heart, which contributes to an abnormal heart rhythm.
There are no accurate causes of congenital heart disease. Heredity can account for most of the cases.
What are the complications of congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart disease in adult may be very dangerous. It will lead to many complications.
- Abnormal heart rhythms(arrhythmias)
- Heart infection (endocarditis)
- Heart failure
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Heart valve problems
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