What is a treatment for spinal fracture?
If osteoporosis has caused a spinal compression fracture, the treatment should address the pain, the fracture, and the underlying osteoporosis to prevent future fractures.
Nonsurgical Treatment for Spinal Compression Fractures
Pain management may include analgesic pain medicines, bed rest, back bracing, and physical activity:
- Pain medications. Over-the-counter pain medications are often sufficient in relieving pain.
- Activity modification. Bed rest may help with acute pain, but it can also lead to further bone loss and worsening osteoporosis, which raises your risk for future compression fractures.
- Back bracing. A back brace provides external support to limit the motion of fractured vertebrae — much like applying a cast on a broken wrist.
Surgical Treatment for Spinal Compression Fractures
When chronic pain from a spinal compression fracture persists despite rest, activity modification, back bracing, and pain medication, surgery is the next step. Surgical procedures used to treat spinal fractures are:
- Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. These procedures for spinal compression fractures involve small, minimally invasive incisions, so they require very little healing time.
- Spinal fusion surgery. Spinal fusion surgery is sometimes used for spinal compression fractures to eliminate motion between two vertebrae and relieve pain. The procedure connects two or more vertebrae together, holds them in the correct position, and keeps them from moving until they have a chance to grow together, or fuse.
The odds that something could go wrong go up for people with certain health conditions. So consult with your suigeon before you take any treatment.
Keyword: spinal compression fracture; spinal fracture treatment