What it means is that you want to get your blood glucose and a1c as close to normal (non-diabetic) as possible and maintain it at normal levels too.
When your diabetes is well controlled you will be able to keep your blood glucose within normal range all the time, or at least most of the time.
For newly diagnosed diabetics or if you’re not eating a good diet and exercising, then you’ll probably find this difficult to do.
It takes a bit of work to gain tight control of blood sugar levels, but it is worth the effort because you want to avoid those nasty complications (you know the ones I’m talking about).
If you’re still drinking soda and eating donuts, or just relying on medications without doing anything else, then chances are your diabetes is uncontrolled or poorly controlled. What generally happens here is your blood sugar levels are all over the place, or they are constantly high.
For example: You might find that your blood sugar level post meal is 140 one day and the next it is 180 or 200 (in some people it’s even higher). This is not under control. If your blood sugar level is going above 140 after meals then it is not under control.
You want to aim to have levels under 140 all the time because anything above this is where damage is done and risk of complications skyrockets. We’ll get to normal levels and testing in just a sec