What does cervical stenosis mean?
Cervical stenosis refers to a condition that the spinal canal is too narrow for the spinal cord and nerve roots, which mostly affects adults aged 50 or older.
Most patients with spinal stenosis are asymptomatic. Whereas, there still are some common symptoms affecting your body, such as:
- Sciatica. It is an ache in the lower back or buttocks;
- Shooting pains and weakness in the arms and legs;
- Being hard to stand or walk for long time. Because when you’re upright, this disease may compress the vertebrae, leading to pain;
- In extreme cases, spinal stenosis may cause loss of bladder or bowel control.
For most patients, spinal stenosis results from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis due to the degenerative processes of spine with aging.
Other conditions that can cause stenosis include:
- Herniated discs;
- Spine defects present at birth;
- Spinal curvature;
- Bone tumors;
- Injuries, which may fracture or inflame part of spine;
- Paget’s disease of the bone, resulting in your bones growing abnormally large and brittle.
Pharmaceutical treatment is usually recommended first and the operative treatment can be considered on the principle of appearance of complication or failure of non-operative treatment.
- Pharmaceutical treatments include pain remedies, corticosteroid injections, and anesthetics, which is used for pain relief.
- Surgery may be needed for severe condition, which can relieve pressure permanently, including laminectomy, foraminotomy and spinal fusion.
If have any further questions, please contact your doctor.
Key words: Cervical stenosis; spinal canal; sciatica; rheumatoid arthritis; osteoarthritis; pharmaceutical treatment.