What Are the Treatments of Neuromyelitis Optica?

Q:
What are the treatments of neuromyelitis optica?

A:
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is the condition in which the immune system reacts against its own cells in the central nervous system due to unknown reasons. The other names of it are: neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, and Devic’s disease.

In general, NMO mostly affects the eye nerves and the spinal cord, sometimes the brain.

Unfortunately, NMO can’t be cured. There are only treatment methods to help reverse symptoms and prevent future attacks.

  • Medications.

In order to reverse recent symptoms, your doctor may give you a corticosteroid medication. In addition, your doctor may also give immunosuppressive medications to prevent future attacks, the medications including: azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, and rituximab.

  • Plasma exchange.

Plasma exchange is a medical procedure that “cleans” the blood. It helps reverse recent symptoms.

 

Keywords: neuromyelitis optica treatment; NMO treatment; neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder treatment; Devic’s disease treatment.

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