What Are the Risk Factors and Symptoms of Measles?

Q:
What are the risk factors and symptoms of measles?

A:
Risk factors for measles include:

  • Being unvaccinated. If you haven’t received the vaccine for measles, you’re much more likely to develop the disease.
  • Having a vitamin A deficiency. If you don’t have enough vitamin A in your diet, you’re more likely to have more-severe symptoms and complications.
  • Traveling internationally. If you travel to developing countries, where measles is more common, you’re at higher risk of catching the disease.

Signs and symptoms appear around 10 to 14 days after exposure to the virus which typically include:

  • A skin rash made up of large, flat blotches that often flow into one another
  • Dry cough
  • Fever
  • Inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers on a red background found inside the mouth on the inner lining of the cheek — also called Koplik’s spots

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