Are any facts about congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart defects are the most common birth defect and the leading cause of death from birth defects during the first year of life. The two types of heart disease in children are congenital and acquired. Congenital means that you have structural heart abnormality present at the birth while acquired heart disease develops sometime during childhood.
Here are some facts about congenital heart disease:
- About 40,000 children are born with a heart defect each year. Most of these children can benefit from surgery even if the defect is severe. There is nothing that patents could have done to prevent these defects.
- At least 8 of ever 1,000 infants born each year have a heart defect. There are still 35 defects that have not been identified.
- Congenital heart disease occurs during the early stages of a mother’s pregnancy, when her baby’s heart is forming
- Congenital heart disease is approximately 60 times more prevalent than childhood cancer
- Congenital heart disease is the cause of nearly one-third of the birth defect-related deaths of infants
- Approximately 1.4 million children and adults in the U.S are living with congenital heart defects today
- Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities cause some heart defects. Other risk factors include maternal smoking, maternal obesity, maternal diabetes and maternal infection such as rubella
- Children with heart defects are often at lifelong risk for other medical problems and cognitive or developmental complications
- Caring for children with heart defects is a challenging and complex endeavor that causes emotional and financial stress for families, and requires many hospital resources
Keywords: congenital heart defects facts