What Are the Basics of Syphilis?

What is the definition of syphilis?

Syphilis is a contagious disease mainly spread by sexual contact. At the beginning, there can be painless sores. People who are infected tend to be unaware of them.

If a female patient is pregnant, she may spread the disease to her baby, causing abnormalities or death to the baby.

Doctors can cure early syphilis. However, if there is no treatment, the disease can do harm to the heart, brain and other organs and lead to death.


What are the stages of syphilis?

Syphilis has several stages, and each stage has different symptoms.

Stages of syphilis include:

  • Primary syphilis
  • Secondary syphilis
  • Latent syphilis
  • Tertiary/late syphilis

Symptoms of the first two stages can be very mild. Latent syphilis has no symptom.


What are the symptoms of syphilis?

Symptoms of syphilis vary in different stages:

  • Primary syphilis
    A chancre occurs as the first sign. A chancre is a small sore that appears at the spot of infection. In most cases, there will only be one chancre; however, some people may develop several chancres.

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