What Are the Basics of Scleroderma?

What is the definition of scleroderma?

Scleroderma refers to the hardening and tightening of the skin and the connective tissues, it is a group of autoimmune diseases.

In some cases, scleroderma affects only the skin. But in some other cases, scleroderma also affects the digestive tract, blood vessels.

It should be noticed that scleroderma most commonly occurs between the ages of 30 and 50, and it is more common in women.

What are the signs or symptoms of scleroderma?

The possible signs or symptoms of scleroderma include:

  • A hardening and tightening of patches of skin.
  • Puffy skin.
  • Areas of small dilated blood vessels.
  • Numbness, pain or color changes in the fingers or toes.
  • Poor blood flow to the fingers or toes with cold exposure.
  • Swelling or pain in the toes, hands, fingers, feet, or face.
  • Red spots on the palms, face, fingers, lips, or tongue.
  • Ulcers or sores on elbows, fingertips.
  • Acid reflux.
  • Tiredness.

What are the causes of scleroderma?

Causes of scleroderma include:

  • Genetic mutations.
  • Immune system problems.
  • Environmental factors.

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