What Are the Basics of Scapular dyskinesis?

What are the basics of scapular dyskinesis?

Scapular dyskinesis refers to the alteration in scapular motion and position rather than a disease.

Scapular dyskinesis has both proximally and distally based causative factors, including:

  • bone – thoracic kyphosis or clavicle diseases
  • joint – instability or arthrosis
  • nervous system – cervical radiculopathy or nerve palsy
  • soft tissue – tightness or stiffness of the pectoralis minor and posterior capsule
  • muscular imbalance – between the upper trapezius and serratus anterior

Scapular dyskinesis is commonly associated with:

SICK scapula syndrome

  • scapula malposition
  • inferior medial border prominence
  • coracoid pain and malposition
  • dyskinesis of scapular movement


  • glenohumeral internal rotation deficit

The first step for treatment of scapular dyskinesis is to evaluate local problems such as nerve injury or scapular muscle detachment, which will not respond to therapy until they are repaired.

Most of dyskinesis can be managed with rehabilitation.

Keyword: scapular dyskinesis.

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