What Are the Basics of Embolism?

How to define embolism?

Embolism means the obstruction in a blood vessel, or the blood clot in bloodstream. The blood clot or other foreign matter may obstruct an artery and block the flow of blood.

The plural form of embolism is emboli. Although the emboli are usually formed from blood clots, they are occasionally comprised of air, fat, or tumor tissue.

There are several types of embolism: amniotic embolism, air embolism, arterial emboliam, brain embolism, fat embolism, gas embolism, pulmonary embolism, retinal embolism, and septic embolism. Pulmonary embolism is the most common type.

 

What causes embolism?

The causes of embolism vary from type to type, but the common causes or risk factors of embolism include:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Prolonged bed rest
  • Obesity
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Old age
  • Excessive alcohol
  • Dehydration
  • High cholesterol
  • Scuba diving

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