What Are the Basics of Ear Infection?

What is ear infection?

Ear infection means inflammation and fluid buildup in your ear, it occurs when a bacterial or viral infection affects the parts of the ear that locates just behind the eardrum.

Ear infections can be acute or chronic. Acute ear infection is painful but has short duration. However, chronic ear infection can cause permanent damage to the middle and inner ear.


What are the types of ear infection?

There are three common types of ear infection:

  • Otitis media: It is a type of ear infection or inflammation in the middle ear, and it is the most common type of ear infections.
  • Otitis externa: It is also called outer ear infection or swimmer’s ear.
  • Otitis interna: It is also called inner ear infection or labyrinthitis.

Otitis media can also be divided into two main types:

  • Acute otitis media (AOM): This means that parts of the ear are infected and swollen, and fluid and mucus are trapped inside the ear. AOM can be painful.
  • Otitis media effusion (OME): This means fluid and mucus stay trapped in the ear after the infection is over. OME can affect hearing.

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