What Are the Basics of Cardiomyopathy?

What is the definition of cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is a disease of heart muscle which makes it harder for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body. Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure.

It can be divided into the following main types: dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasis, and other unclassified cardiomyopathy.

There are many causes of cardiomyopathy, but the major cause should be the weak heart which can’t maintain a normal ejection fraction or cardiac output.


What causes cardiomyopathy?

Exact causes of cardiomyopathy are unknown, which may either be the result of another condition (acquired condition), or be passed from a parent. The acquired conditions may include:

  • Heart valve problems
  • Long-term high blood pressure
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Hemochromatosis (Iron buildup in heart muscle)
  • Amyloidosis (Buildup of abnormal proteins)
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Chronic rapid heart rate


What are the symptoms of cardiomyopathy?

There may be no symptoms or sighs at the early stages of cardiomyopathy. When condition progresses, symptoms appear, which are:

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