What Are the Basics of Bursitis?

What is the definition of bursitis?

Bursitis is a painful condition, it refers to the inflammation of the bursae. Bursae are the small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles near your joints.

Shoulders, elbows, and hips and the most commonly affected locations of bursitis, but it can also affect your knees, heels and the base of your big toes.

 

What causes bursitis?

Bursitis is mostly caused by repetitive activities or prolonged positions which would put pressure on the bursae around a joint. These kinds of positions or activities may include:

  • Leaning on elbows for long period of time
  • Throwing a baseball or lifting something over your head repeatedly
  • Prolonged sitting on hard surfaces
  • Scrubbing floors or laying carpet

Besides repetitive activities, other factors also include:

  • Certain diseases and conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, gout and diabetes
  • Occupations or hobbies like gardening, painting or playing a musical instrument
  • Spine diseases
  • Prior surgeries

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