Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects a girl’s development. The cause is a missing or incomplete X chromosome. The syndrome is related to the X chromosome, which is one of the two sex chromosomes. People typically have two sex chromosomes in each cell: females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. Turner syndrome results when one normal X chromosome is present in a female’s cells and the other sex chromosome is missing or structurally altered. The missing genetic material affects development before and after birth.
Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems, including short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects. Signs and symptoms vary among those affected. The most obvious symptom is that Girls who have it are usually short, and their ovaries don’t work properly. Therefore, most women with Turner syndrome are infertile. However, regular checkups and appropriate care can help most girls and women lead healthy and independent lives.
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