Trichomoniasis is a
common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a parasite. It is
not serious. In women, trichomoniasis can cause a foul-smelling vaginal
discharge, genital itching and painful urination. Men with trichomoniasis
usually have no symptoms. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis may have a higher
risk of delivering their babies prematurely. According to some studies,
trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting other STDS, including HIV
About 20% of people get infected again
within three months of treatment. In America, there are about 2 million women
affected. It is more common in women than men. And, it affects African American
women more than white or Hispanic women.
& Risk Factors
Trichomonas is transmitted through sexual
or genital contact.
Women usually get the infection in vulva,
vagina, cervix, or urethra. Men usually get it just inside their penis in the
urethra, but they may also get it in their prostate.
Other risk factors may include:
- Multiple sexual partners.
- A history of other sexually transmitted infections.
- A previous episode of trichomoniasis.
- Have sex without a condom.
Many women with trichomoniasis have no
symptoms, like most men. Symptoms usually appear within 5 to 28 days of infection,
- A foul-smelling vaginal discharge which might be white, gray, yellow
- Genital redness, burning and itching
- Pain with urination or sexual intercourse
In rare cases, patients with trichomoniasis
may have lower abdominal pain.
Doctors usually need some tests to diagnose
- A pelvic exam.
- The nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs).
The most common treatment for trichomoniasis, even for pregnant women, is to use one megadose of either metronidazole (Flagyl) or tinidazole (Tindamax). In some cases, your doctor may recommend a lower dose of metronidazole twice a day for seven days. Both you and your partner need treatment, and you need avoid sexual intercourse until the infection is cured, which takes about a week.
Your doctor may retest you for
trichomoniasis from two weeks to three months after treatment to be sure you
haven’t been reinfected. Trichomoniasis can last for months to years if it
isn’t be treat.
There is no routine
standard screening for trichomoniasis, while some
options can be helpful to prevent trichomoniasis, including:
- Abstain from sex.
- Use condoms.
- Limit the number of sex partners.
- Avoid douching frequently.
Women with trichomoniasis may:
- Deliver prematurely.
- Have a baby with a low birth weight.
- Transmit the infection to the baby as he or she passes through the birth canal.
- Have a higher risk of infecting HIV.
Some tips can be helpful to relieve the
symptoms of trichomoniasis.
- Use tea tree oil, bergamot essential oil colloidal silver, and fenugreek
- Eat garlic.
- Drink yogurt and apple cider vinegar (ACV) and citrus juice
- Avoid douching frequently.
- Avoid drinking alcohol too much.
Please consult your doctors for your
Keywords: trichomoniasis; sexually
transmitted disease; STD; parasite.