Thyroiditis: Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment


Thyroiditis refers to the inflammation of the thyroid gland. It occurs when the body’s immune system makes antibodies that attack the thyroid. Thyroiditis contains a series of disease that can cause inflammation of thyroid gland but presenting in different ways, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis, and subacute thyroiditis.

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland which is located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroid gland can make thyroid hormones which can help the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as usual.


Thyroiditis is caused by the attack on the
thyroid gland from antibodies which are made by the body’s immune system itself.
It is unknown why certain people make anti-thyroid antibodies. Generally,
thyroiditis is caused by:


Thyroiditis has no unique symptoms, some
people with thyroiditis may have symptoms such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain or loss even if there’s no changes on diet
  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Palpitation (fast heart rate)
  • Pain in the thyroid
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • Swelling of the legs, vague aches and pains
  • Decreased concentration

Types & Diagnosis


Depending on the type and symptoms of
thyroiditis, treatment options are various.

  • For hypothyroidism

Use thyroid hormone replacement to supply thyroid hormone. Levothyroxine can be used.

  • For thyrotoxicosis

Use beta blockers to relieve the symptoms such as anxiety, faster heart rate, excessive perspiration and muscle weakness. Propranolol, atenolol, metoprolol, nadolol are beta blockers can be used.

  • For thyroidal pain

Use mild anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen can relieve the pain. If the pain is severe, steroid therapy with prednisone may be required.

Please consult your doctors for your symptoms and treatment options.

Keywords: thyroiditis; thyroid gland.

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