Most people are aware of the insulin by taking it as a treatment for the diabetes. However, insulin plays important roles in healthy people.
As a hormone in our pancreas, its origin responsibility is to help body use glucose for energy.
Firstly, it works like a commander. When finds the glucose is in your bloodstream, he will send cell soldiers to absorb those sugar and transfer it into energy.
Secondly, it works like an observer. Once spots the abnormal glucose level in your bloodstream, he will ask help from liver department to store the excess sugar or send some sugar for backup.
The above two roles insulin plays are in general body functioning. For those with diabetes, what does insulin do? We can see from type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
It is a type of autoimmune disease. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body can’t make insulin. So the insulin here from outside works as the insulin it should be inside.
Type 2 diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance makes your body’s origin insulin effects weaker. So you need more insulin to get the same effects.
Insulin treatment comes in different types in terms of its working speed and duration.
- Rapid-acting insulin: It starts working approximately 15 minutes after injection before a meal, lasting between two and four hours.
- Short-acting insulin: It starts working 30 to 60 minutes after injection before a meal, lasting for five to eight hours.
- Intermediate-acting insulin: It starts working in 30 minutes to an hour after injection, lasting up to eight hours.
- Long-acting insulin: This insulin may not start working until about two hours after you inject it. However, it can last up to 24 hours.
Too low glucose level triggers an insulin reaction. Small snacks within your bad will be helpful to balance the balance the insulin.