Serum Albumin Test-Reference Range

Albumin is a protein manufactured by the liver. It helps balance the amount of blood flowing through the arteries and veins and moves the calcium, progesterone, bilirubin and medications through a person’s blood.

Serum albumin test is used to screen for and help diagnose a liver disorder or kidney disease, and sometimes it is used to evaluate nutritional status, especially in hospitalized patients.

The normal range of albumin levels is 3.4- 5.4 grams per deciliter (g/dL).

Decreased levels of albumin may indicate:

  • Pregnancy
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Ascites
  • Shock
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • A low protein diet
  • Malnutrition
  • Excessive burns
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Carcinoid syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Crohn’s disease, sprue, or Whipple’s disease – all malabsorption syndromes
  • Liver diseases such as hepatocellular necrosis, cirrhosis or hepatitis

Increased levels of albumin may indicate:

  • Dehydration
  • Too much intake of certain drugs including insulin, growth hormones, androgens and anabolic steroids

Keywords: serum albumin test; albumin

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