Pericardial Fluid Analysis Test

Transudates are most often caused by either congestive heart failure or cirrhosis. Typical fluid analysis results include:

  • Physical characteristics—fluid appears clear
  • Protein or albumin level—low
  • Cell countfew cells are present

Test results can help distinguish between types of pericardial fluid and help diagnose the cause of fluid accumulation.

The initial set of tests performed on a sample of pericardial fluid helps determine whether the fluid is a transudate or exudate. Other less common tests for infectious diseases may be performed.

Those tests may identify pericardial fluid accumulation due to a viral infection, mycobacteria (such as the mycobacterium that causes tuberculosis), or a parasite.

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