Migraine Prevention: What Can I Do?

Q:
Migraine prevention: What can I do?

A:
When you’ve had the pain of a migraine, you want to do what you can to avoid another one.

You might be able to prevent migraines with the following tactics:

  • Use preventive medications or devices.
  • Make lifestyle changes.

Preventive migraine medications include:

  1. Anti-seizure drugs – These meds may work by calming nerve cells in the brain.
  2. Topiramate (Topiragen, Topamax)
  3. Valproic acid (Depacon, Depakote)
  4. Beta-blockers – They usually treat high blood pressure and heart disease.
  5. Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
  6. Propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL)
  7. Timolol (Blocadren)
  8. Botulinum toxin ( Botox ) – Often used to treat wrinkles, it also helps some people who get migraines at least 15 days per month, called chronic migraines.

Lifestyle changes include:

  1. Sleep – Go to bed and get up about the same times every day, including on weekends and holidays. When you hit the sack at random times or you get too much or too little shut-eye, that can trigger a headache.
  2. Exercise regularly – You may be tempted to avoid being active, afraid it might trigger a migraine.
  3. Eat regular meals – A drop in blood sugar can set off a migraine, so keep it steady by not skipping meals. Also, drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration, which can trigger the headaches.
  4. Limit stress – Tension’s a common trigger. So, take time each day to relax.

You may discuss your decision with a healthcare professional if you want to know more detail.

Keyword: migraine prevention; prevent migraines

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