Kidney stone analysis helps to identify the chemical composition of the stone and help to find the reason that the stone formed.
Common types of kidney stones include calcium stones, struvite stones, uric acid stones and cystine stones. These four types make up about 95% to 99% of kidney stones. And about 75% of stones will contain calcium.
Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. The causes of calcium stones include dietary factors, high doses of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several metabolic disorders.
Besides, calcium stones may also occur in the form of calcium phosphate. The causes include having renal tubular acidosis or taking certain seizure medications.
Most struvite stones can grow quickly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning. The causes include infections, such as a urinary tract infection.
Uric acid stones.
Uric acid stones may be caused by low intake of fluids, high intake of protein. Besides, family history may increase the risk of getting uric acid stones.
These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids (cystinuria).
Keywords: kidney stone analysis