Q: My mother always felt dizzy. She has high blood pressure, but she takes medicine and manages the blood pressure below 130/90. How to treat the dizziness?
A: The symptoms of hypertension varies because of the type of disease. All individual’s conditions vary. In the early stage, the symptoms are not obvious at all. Hypertension is usually checked and diagnosed in a physical examination or other detection. There is no correlation between symptoms and increasing blood pressure. Instead, higher neurological dysfunction is in charge of it. Some people’s blood pressure is not high, but they may have a lot of symptoms. On the other hand, some people don’t have many symptoms while their blood pressure is very high.
1. dizziness: dizziness is the most common symptom of hypertension. Sometimes it is instant, but sometimes it can be constant. Dizziness is the main problem for most patients. Patients always feel continuously uncomfortable and have serious obstacles to thinking. The constant dizziness will affect work, thus making you lose interest in the surrounding things. When you develop emergence of hypertensive crisis or vertebral-basilar artery insufficiency, you may suffer some similar symptoms of inner ear vertigo.
2. Headache: Headache is another common symptom of hypertension. It is associated with persistent blunt pain or pulsation and burst of pain. It usually happens when you wake up in the morning and alleviates after getting up and after meal. Mostly, the pain is in the temples and the back of the head on both sides of the forehead.
3. Irritability, palpitation, insomnia: Most hypertensive patients are irritable and sensitive. They are easy to be excited. Palpitation and insomnia are more common. Insomnia is difficulty to fall asleep or awakening early. Also, patients can not fell in sleep deeply and always have nightmares, associated with cerebral cortex dysfunction and autonomic dysfunction.
4. Inattention and memory loss: It may not happen in the early stage. But, as disease develops, this kind of symptoms will become serious gradually, which confuses patients the most. This is also the reason why they go to the hospital. The symptoms are distraction of concentration and memory loss. People can not remember what happens recently, but they remember things happened in the past clearly, even the childhood memories.
5. Limb numbness: Numbness always happens on fingers and toes. Some patients will feel the inflexibility of fingers. In general, it will be better after treatment. However, if limb numbness lasts for a long period and is fixed on a certain limb, associated with limb fatigue, cramps, jump pain, you should go to the hospital to get treatment immediately in case of stroke.
6. Bleeding: rare. Hypertension may cause the arterial brain sclerosis, thus causing the blood vessel elasticity to decrease. Nasal bleeding is the most common, followed by conjunctival hemorrhage, fundus hemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage. 80% of nasal bleeding patients have hypertension. In conclusion, if the patient feels dizzy, or headache, or symptoms mentioned before, you should consider the risk of hypertension. You should measure your blood pressure every day. If it is proved that your blood pressure was increasing, you should treat it immediately. Take medication in order to avoid the further development.