What are the common treatments for colitis?
The treatments of colitis vary from cause to cause, in other words, the definitive treatment of colitis depends upon the cause.
- For infectious colitis: Infections that cause diarrhea and colitis may or may not require antibiotics. For example, bacterial infections like Salmonella don’t need antibiotic therapy, but others like Clostridium difficile always require antibiotic therapy.
- For ischemic colitis: Use intravenous fluids to rest the bowel and prevent dehydration. It may even require surgery to remove parts of the bowel in severe cases.
- For inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): Use a combination of medications in a step-wise approach to control the inflammation. It may even require surgery to remove all or parts of the colon and small intestines in severe cases.
- For diarrhea and abdominal pain: Use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or the NSAID ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, etc.) to lessen pain, and use Loperamide (Imodium) to control diarrhea if there is no blood or fever present.