How to treat cervical dystonia?
Cervical dystonia, also called spasmodic torticollis, refers to the involuntary contraction of the neck muscles, causing the head to twist, turn to one side, or tilt forward or backward uncontrollably. It most often occurs in middle-aged people, women more than men.
There is no cure for cervical dystonia. It sometimes resolves without treatment, but it reoccurs in most cases.
Although it is incurable, some treatment options can relieve the symptoms. The most common one is the use of botulinum toxin injections in the dystonic muscle of the neck. Other treatments include oral medications, and deep brain stimulation.
However, botulinum toxin injections have some common side effects including:
- pain at the injection site (up to 28%)
- dysphagia due to the spread to adjacent muscles (11% to 40%)
- dry mouth (up to 33%)
- fatigue (up to 17%)
- weakness of the injected or adjacent muscle (up to 56%)
Please remember to consult your doctor if you are affected.
Keywords: cervical dystonia; spasmodic torticollis; botulinum toxin.