How to Treat Black Toenail?

Q:
How to treat black toenail?

A:
Toenail are naturally white in color, and black toenail is a kind of discoloration of toenail. It is attributed to various causes, like fugal infection, repeated trauma from athletic activities, tight shoes, and even malignant melanoma, etc.

There are a number of symptoms of black toenail, which include pain, foul odor, discoloration like reddish, purplish, brownish, or black, discharge from underneath nail, etc. If the symptoms mentioned above are not present, you may not need to seek treatments right away.

In mild cases of black toenail, over-the-counter ointments, creams, and polishes are effective; in severe cases of black toenail, it may require a prescription antifungal treatment. Other treatments may also include:

Removal
Remove the areas that need cleaning, and remove the hematoma.

Cautery
A battery-operated device burns a hole in the nail until the blood begins to drain.

Needle
Use a sterile large-gauge needle to create a small hole in the nail to let the fluid to drain.

Besides the medical treatments mentioned above, you can also prevent black toenails in daily lives:

  • Wear proper shoes: Be sure that the toes will not be pressed.
  • Wear footwear to protect your feet
  • Avoid walking barefoot: Walking barefoot can make you susceptible to injury or trauma.
  • Wear clean socks and shoes always
  • Trim toenails properly: Not too short or straight across.
  • Pay more attention to your feet when moving heavy objects.

 

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