To find out what triggers your symptoms, your doctor may do a physical exam and you may be asked to keep a record of:
- Your activities
- Any medications, herbal remedies or supplements you take
- What you eat and drink
- Where hives appear and how long it takes a welt to fade
- Whether your hives come with painful swelling
You may also be asked to do tests like blood tests or skin tests to find out if your urticaria is caused by an underlying problem.
Home remedies, such as over-the-counter antihistamines are helpful if your symptoms are not severe. If self-care steps don’t help, you can ask your doctor if you need the prescription medication or combination of drugs.
Treatments of urticaria include:
- Antihistamines to help block the symptom-producing release of histamine. It’s better to check with your doctor before taking any of antihistamines medications if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, have a chronic medical condition, or are taking other medications.
- Other medications if antihistamines don’t help. For example, histamine (H-2) blockers, anti-inflammation medications, antidepressants, asthma drugs with antihistamines, man-made (monoclonal) antibodies, and immune-suppressing drugs.