How To Diagnose and Treat Heart Disease?

Diagnosis

Your doctor’s first step to diagnose your heart disease will likely be performing a physical exam and asking about your personal and family medical history before doing any tests. There are tests like

  • Blood tests.
  • Chest X-ray.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Holter monitoring.
  • Echocardiogram.
  • Stress test.
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan.
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Treatment

There are common treatments for heart disease like:

  • Lifestyle changes which include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.
  • Medications. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.
  • Medical procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.

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