The tests and procedures include:
- Using a scope to examine your esophagus (endoscopy).
- Collecting a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy).
The treatment you will receive is determined by the type of cells involved in your cancer, your cancer’s stage, your overall health and your preferences for treatment. They include:
- Surgery. There are surgery to remove very small tumors, surgery to remove a portion of the esophagus (esophagectomy), and surgery to remove part of your esophagus and the upper portion of your stomach (esophagogastrectomy).
- Treatments for complications. For esophageal obstruction and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), the treatment includes relieving esophageal obstruction and providing nutrition.
- Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. If your cancer has spread beyond the esophagus, chemotherapy may be used alone to help relieve signs and symptoms caused by the cancer.
- Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-powered X-ray beams to kill cancer cells.
- Combined chemotherapy and radiation. Combining chemotherapy and radiation therapy may enhance the effectiveness of each treatment.