Three of my friends were diagnosed with the coronary heart disease. What is it? Is it the same as the CAD? Who is at high risk of it?
Sorry to hear that and you should ask your friends to care more about their heart. When it comes to the CAD and CHD, we can understand it in a simpler way: CHD is actually a result of the CAD.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), means a batch of the fatty materials building up in your coronary arteries walls, making arteries narrowing and blocking blood flow, which causes heart starved of oxygen. CAD includes: stable angina; unstable angina; myocardial infarction; sudden cardiac death.
As for the risk factors, we should be careful of the obesity, alcohol addiction, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, depression, smoking and diabetes. Tests that may be helpful contain: electrocardiogram, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and coronary angiogram.
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