When interpreting results of EBV antibody testing, the following factors should be considered besides the test result:
- signs and symptoms
- medical history
A healthcare practitioner may consult a specialist in infectious diseases, specifically one who is experienced with EBV testing.
Examples of some results are provided in table below.
|VCA-IgM||VCA-IgG||EA-D, IgG||EBNA, IgG||Possible Interpretation|
|Negative||Negative||Negative||Negative||No infection, symptoms due to another cause, susceptible to EBV infection|
|Positive||Positive||Negative||Negative||Early, primary infection|
|Negative or positive||Positive||Positive||Negative||Active infection, though EA-D IgG may persist for life in about 20% of people|
|Negative||Positive||Positive||Positive||May indicate reactivation of virus|