Dopamine is a medication form of a substance that occurs naturally in the body. It works by improving the pumping strength of the heart and improves blood flow to the kidneys.
Dopamine injection (Intropin) is used to treat certain conditions that occur when you are in shock, which may be caused by heart attack, trauma, surgery, heart failure, kidney failure, and other serious medical conditions.
Dopamine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You should not be treated with dopamine if you have pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland).
If possible before you receive dopamine, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
- a heart rhythm disorder;
- coronary artery disease (clogged arteries);
- a blood clot;
- an allergy to any foods or drugs;
- asthma or sulfite allergy;
- metabolic acidosis;
- circulation problems such as Raynaud’s syndrome;
- Buerger’s disease; or
- if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 21 days (such as isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others).
In an emergency situation it may not be possible to tell your caregivers if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Make sure any doctor caring for your pregnancy or your baby knows you have received this medicine.
How it is given
Dopamine is injected into a vein through an IV. A healthcare provider will give you this injection.
Tell your caregivers if you feel any burning, pain, or swelling around the IV needle when dopamine injection is injected.
Your breathing, blood pressure, oxygen levels, kidney function, and other vital signs will be watched closely while you are receiving dopamine injection.
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to dopamine: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Tell your caregivers at once if you have:
- a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out (even while lying down);
- chest pain;
- fast, slow, or pounding heartbeats;
- shortness of breath;
- cold feeling, numbness, or blue-colored appearance in your hands or feet; or
- darkening or skin changes in your hands or feet.
Common dopamine side effects may include:
- feeling anxious;
- nausea, vomiting; or
- chills, goose bumps.
Keywrods: dopamine injection.