Buspirone: Uses & Side Effect

Buspirone is an anti-anxiety medicine that affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety.

Buspirone is used to treat symptoms of anxiety, such as fear, tension, irritability, dizziness, pounding heartbeat, and other physical symptoms.

Buspirone is not an anti-psychotic medication and should not be used in place of medication prescribed by your doctor for psychotic disorders.

Ways to take buspirone

Take buspirone exactly as it was prescribed for you. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

You may take buspirone with or without food but take it the same way each time.

Some buspirone tablets are scored so you can break the tablet into 2 or 3 pieces in order to take a smaller amount of the medicine at each dose. Do not use a tablet if it has not been broken correctly and the piece is too big or too small. Follow your doctor’s instructions about how much of the tablet to take.

If you have switched to buspirone from another anxiety medication, you may need to slowly decrease your dose of the other medication rather than stopping suddenly. Some anxiety medications can cause withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking them suddenly after long-term use.

This medication can cause false positive results with certain medical tests. You may need to stop using the medicine for at least 48 hours before your test. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using buspirone.

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction to buspirone: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • chest pain;
  • shortness of breath; or
  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out.

Common buspirone side effects may include:

  • headache;
  • dizziness, drowsiness;
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • nausea, upset stomach; or
  • feeling nervous or excited.

Dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Anxiety:

Initial dose: 7.5 mg orally two times a day or 5 mg 3 times a day.
Maintenance dose: The daily dose may be increased in 5 mg increments every 2 to 3 days up to 20 to 60 mg/day in divided doses.
Maximum dose: 60 mg per day

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