Basic Metabolic Panel Test

Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) Test is part of a routine health exam. It tells important information about the body’s metabolism, including the status of the kidneys as well as electrolyte and acid/base balance and level of blood glucose.

To get tested, you may need to fast for 10-12 hours prior to the blood sample collection.

What does the BMP Test Include?

The BMP includes the following tests:




  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • CO2 (carbon dioxide, bicarbonate)
  • Chloride

Kidney Tests

  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
  • Creatinine

Results of all the BMP tests are evaluated together to look for patterns of results. If several test results are abnormal, follow-up tests are needed.


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